When you know these roots, you can figure out what a word means, even if you’ve never heard it before. This one is the most important to ourselves because it is our very SELF. Medical Definition of Autoimmune disease. Autoimmunity is the presence of antibodies (which are made by B lymphocytes) and T lymphocytes directed against normal components of a person (autoantigens).These components are called autoantigens or self-antigens and typically consist of proteins (or proteins complexed to nucleic acids). autoantigen: [ aw″to-an´tĭ-jen ] an antigen that, despite being a normal tissue constituent, is the target of a humoral or cell-mediated immune response , such as in autoimmune disease . Our bodies are automated and they give us a great deal of self-service; breathing, digesting, thinking - all … Home > ; Definition Definition of Autoimmunity. These ROOT-WORDS are AUTO & AUT which mean SELF.It comes from the Greek autos meaning self & same. Get to know what an autoclave is and how it is used. The good news is that many science vocabulary words use the same Greek and Latin roots. The English prefix auto-means “self.” After this podcast you will be autonomous in that you will be able to figure out all by your"self" what words mean with the prefix auto-in them!. Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR; Autoimmune disease: An illness that occurs when the body tissues are attacked by its own immune system. Disclaimer. Autophagy (or autophagocytosis) (from the Ancient Greek αὐτόφαγος autóphagos, meaning "self-devouring" and κύτος kýtos, meaning "hollow") is the natural, regulated mechanism of the cell that removes unnecessary or dysfunctional components. (In contrast, autosomal recessive diseases require that the individual have two copies of the mutant gene.) We are adding more terms! Individuals with autosomal dominant diseases have a 50-50 chance of passing the mutant gene and therefore the … It allows the orderly degradation and recycling of cellular components. Definition of Autoimmunity & Autoimmune Disease. An autoclave is a machine used to carry out industrial and scientific processes requiring elevated temperature and pressure in relation to ambient pressure/temperature.Autoclaves are used in medical applications to perform sterilization and in the chemical industry to cure coatings and vulcanize rubber and for hydrothermal synthesis. photo- light: photosynthesis re- again, back: replication -sis condition, state: osmosis zyg- joined together: zygote Unit 4: Heredity Root/Prefix/Suffix Meaning & Examples auto- self: autosome -some body: autosome co- with, together: codominant di- two, double: diploid fer produce: fertilization gam marriage: gamete hapl- simple: haploid hetero- different: heterotype Autecology, also called Species Ecology, the study of the interactions of an individual organism or a single species with the living and nonliving factors of its environment.Autecology is primarily experimental and deals with easily measured variables such as light, humidity, and available nutrients in an effort to understand the needs, life history, and behaviour of the organism or species. 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