Building Automation Systems (BAS) via Direct Digital Controls (DDC) control and monitor the interaction of all elements of the HVAC system. 2. An elevator dedicated to animal usage should be located near the dock. Three of them are: The animal research facility, also known as the vivarium, is a specially designed building type, which accommodates exquisitely controlled environments for the care and maintenance of experimental animals. The streamlining of waste treatment and disposal in an environmentally-sensitive manner, both from the cagewashing operation and Necropsy/Perfusion spaces, are being addressed with new technologies. As in containment facilities, control and monitoring systems and equipment are utilized in barrier facilities to maintain the required pressures and flows. The AE should refer to the Design Guideline Elements for the most current requirements. Due to the stringent environmental and construction requirements, designers and builders have their hands full ensuring the facility meets the numerous standards … The most important elements are animal watering and major water users such as cage and rack washers. “I believe almost every single client of mine will eventually need a gnotobiotic facility,” he adds. Design Standards for Small Animals (Rodents) Vivarium b. MD Anderson Noise Vibration and Ultrasound Design … With a passionate team of vivarium designers, horticulturist and microfauna specialist, our vision is … Architecture and building systems must ensure that outside contaminants or pathogens cannot be introduced into the facility, and that infectious outbreaks will not occur. The impact on facilities has been to alter room design and room airflow characteristics to accommodate the new high density ventilated racks. Lighting, Power, Data, and Fire Alarm. The method of allowing researcher access under controlled conditions is a critical issue to be solved. Containment Facilities—Facilities for working with potentially infectious biological agents. Since HVAC is the life-sustaining system, consideration should be given to methods of providing redundancy and backup to maintain continual operation. HVAC is the dominant system (see also WBDG. William J. “Trying to keep cognizant on maintaining pressurization in rooms and not have odors leak out,” he says, is a common concern. New research directions and technologies have increased the use of new experimental species: Transgenic mice are widely used in genomic-based research across all therapeutic areas. They’re also very reliable because it’s not a pressure vessel, and it doesn’t weigh nearly the amount as a steam sterilizer,” he says. These operate under positive pressure to keep contaminants out. It is the maintainer of environmental control via regulation of airflow, air cleanliness via filtration, temperature, humidity, odor transmission, and contaminant control. See also WBDG. Animal species are used in every stage of the research and development effort-from discovery, to development and safety testing, to clinical trials, and to manufacture-because their biological systems, genetic structures, and immunological responses, in various ways, closely mirror ours as a species.Numerous organizations have clearly articulated the importance and the value of ani… T he National Institutes of Health (NIH) Design Requirements Manual (DRM) establishes policy, design requirements, standards and technical criteria for use in planning, programming, and designing NIH owned, leased, operated, and funded buildings and facilities. Design steam room to be at least 8 feet by 8 feet. Zookeeper specializes in vivarium design and custom-made displays for urban environment. A manual one-hour … Cage sizing and cage systems are species-dependent and are governed by the standards set forth in the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Electrical systems are ubiquitous. For major equipment, load capacity is calculated system by system. Storage—A necessary space and function for feed, bedding, and equipment has to be incorporated into the operational flow and space allocation. These areas are dominated by equipment-generated heat and moisture. Cage Storage—A necessary function, but a space consumer, which unfortunately is frequently short shrifted. National Institute of Building Sciences Vivarium Design Helen Kelly and Vera Baumans The vivarium of the future will be designed with an eye toward environments that serve its occupants rather than the other way around. Dedicated Receiving Dock—A dock specific to animal functions is generally required. These facilities are fundamentally about the care and maintenance of the experimental animals. Design and construction standards are provided for the physical security of new buildings, additions, and major alterations. Specialized procedural areas included in the building design include two rodent behavioral suites, a small animal imaging suite and a small animal irradiator. Small animal vivarium standards include: a. Staff Support Areas—Break area, cafeterias, workstation, lockers, and rest-room facilities. Promote maintainability and cleanliness. Asked if there is a preference for new versus renovated, Meyer says, “It’s always new. Deviations from the Design Guideline must be reviewed and approved by EHS. 555 Fayetteville Street, Suite 300 Raleigh, NC 27601 P 919-213-7007 3965 Fifth Avenue, Suite 400 San Diego, CA 92103 P 619-297-0159 www.rfd.com rfd@rfd.com RESEARCH FACILITIES DESIGN Figure 1: Animal Housing Room for Rodents in Ventilated Racks View enlarged plan, Figure 2: Animal Housing Room for Non-human Primates View enlarged plan, Figure 3: Animal Housing Room for Dogs View enlarged plan. Research using animals is sensitive, and the design of these facilities requires a heightened awareness to the issues of security control to maintain confidentiality and to prevent unauthorized intrusions. Ensure lighting is at least 30 foot-candles. This approach also provides for maintenance and device access zones for non-vivarium operational staff to service the vivarium MEP systems without crossing the animal environment barrier. A "zoning" approach to facility layout that allows access to daylight via windows or other means at office and non-sensitive support spaces without having the staff leave the animal environment. The major equipment items include pass-through rackwashers, tunnelwashers, pass-through autoclaves, bedding dispensers and dump stations, and bottle washing and filling stations. Meyer, who has been with Jacobs for over 30 years and has led the firm in many research projects and animal facilities for academic, institutional, and corporate clients, shares some of the trends he’s seen in his recent work. ABG substrate consists of 2 parts tree fern fiber, 1 part peat, 1 part charcoal, 1 … In addition, standards are provided to improve the physical … VDS Vivarium Design Services. Engaging an experienced architect or vivarium planner is a necessary part of the design of new and extensively renovated facilities, but, even before working with these consultants, veterinarians and vivarium managers can develop a basic understanding of the principles and components that will facilitate the design … The goal is to design a vivarium that both excludes and contains infectious microorganisms, which must be taken into account when considering all room finishing details. Josh Meyer, principal at The Jacobs Laboratory Planning Group in Tarrytown, NY, stresses the need for accreditation from AAALAC International (Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care), as well as the need to meet National Institutes of Health standards. The ability of the operator to maintain and adapt environmental control within spaces and between circulation paths and to avoid contaminants or infection. As such, a separate WBDG Resource Page on Trends in Lab Design has been developed to elaborate on this emerging model of laboratory design. The facilities are complex, and expensive to build and to operate, but they are vital to the support of a proper, safe, and humane research effort. Floor-to-Floor Height—The clear height from floor to ceiling should be 8'–6" to 9'–0". These types of rodents require a lot of space, and Meyer is seeing more and more of these facilities come online as he works with his clients. Locker room hours in vivariums must be staggered, and entry and exit points are also a major concern in regards to social distancing. – Steven W. Darr and James Petitto Helen Kelly asked research practitioners and vivarium design professionals about the future of vivarium design. Research Facilities, Research Laboratory, Academic Laboratory, Government Laboratory, Private Sector Laboratory, Clinic/Health Unit, Food Service, General Storage, Laboratory: Dry, Laboratory: Wet, Loading Dock, Mail Center, Office, Aesthetics—Engage the Integrated Design Process, Cost-Effective, Functional / Operational—Account for Functional Needs, Functional / Operational—Meet Performance Objectives, Productive—Assure Reliable Systems and Spaces, Productive—Promote Health and Well-Being, Productive—Provide Comfortable Environments, Secure / Safe—Occupant Safety and Health, Secure / Safe—Security for Building Occupants and Assets, Sustainable. Automated record-keeping and integration with Building Automation Systems. The committee identifies design and construction issues, providing guidelines for animal-room doors, drainage, noise control, surgery, and other areas. Because of their unique and sensitive nature, they can be costly to build and operate. “Your animal care staff are an integral element to the success of your research program—if you have a lot of high turnover or people who are disgruntled or unhappy, it impacts the science,” says Meyer. Should you have any questions or comments on the WBDG, please feel free to contract our team at wbdg@nibs.org. by Stanley Stark, F.A.I.A., James Petitto, R.A., Steven Darr, P.E.HLW International LLP. Sophisticated control and monitoring systems and equipment are employed to achieve closely controlled and regulated air pressurizations and flows. However, he adds that he misses the interaction with clients and colleagues: “The technology is really just getting to know somebody—there’s a big difference between working with somebody virtually and working face-to-face. Through the capabilities of their particular architecture and building systems, they maintain tight environmental control over the facility to avoid the introduction of contaminants or pathogens, and prevent the possibility of infectious outbreaks, and avoid the transmission of odors. The full design includes integrated custom lighting system, integrated misting system, integrated air cycling system, removable front panel, side feeding door, custom stand and hood, … Air changes per hour, a key benchmark of system capability, can vary from a minimum of 10 to greater than 20, which equates to 1.5 cfm/sf to more than 3 cfm/sf. Doors need to be properly protected, particularly latches, locks, and other hardware. See more ideas about aquarium design, aquarium, aquascape. Continuous hinges are preferred. … They are a lot more cognizant of how many people are working, trying to direct traffic…it’s easier in an animal facility, especially if it’s a dual corridor with soiled and clean corridors. “We did a really large renovation of an animal facility and because they had no other place to put the animals, we could only do a quarter of a floor at the time and it took years. But some of the renovations we’ve done have worked out very, very well. Veterinary Office Space—Some provision for in-unit office spaces for veterinary care staff. Nationwide costs are generally 85% — 95% of the NY metro costs, depending on local market conditions. Barrier Elements—Airlocks, lockers, pass-through autoclaves. Overall floor-to-floor height should be approximately 16'–0". All rights reserved. Criterion #2: NIH Design Guidelines Another excellent reference manual for the planning and design of vivarium facilities. Even if the animal facility is underground. A desirable goal is to locate the spaces and devices in a manner that allows the separation of maintenance functions from animal care functions. Providing design to support an animal facility renovation to comply with new corporate global standards. The opening size depends on the cage and rack system in use. Corridors should have impervious finishes so that they are easy to clean and maintain. Roberts suggests following the NIH Design Requirements Manual when answering the questions, while noting any client exceptions for issues such as sound levels and transmission, cage change intervals, sterility requirements, and animal room … New caging and housing types, such as high density ventilated racks (HDVRs), have altered room design and are promoting the increased usage of computational fluid dynamics (CFDs) to model room environments and HVAC characteristics. Procedure Rooms—Proximate to AHRs and frequently interchangeable with them; they are a primary setting for research activity within the unit. Meyer, who often travels to Asia for his work, cites software programs such as Bluebeam which have been helpful as more and more design firms have turned to remote working. Most vivarium-suited species require humidity levels of at least 60%, and often over 75%. Barrier Facilities—Facilities for working with immuno-compromised species. The Three Primary Standards Reference Resources Regulations & Resources For Investigators Other Links Resource Library. This has been increasing the use of higher density housing types of caging in order to run more studies in shorter time periods, thus to generate a higher level of throughput. We’ve done several underground facilities that have skylights over the break area.” And not every vivarium facility is underground, he adds, stating that he’s worked on many facilities that were located on the top floor of their respective buildings. May 30, 2020 - Explore Jon Orling's board "Aquarium design", followed by 298 people on Pinterest. Corridors? Most animal facilities have a certain level of redundancy, so if an air handling unit goes down or an exhaust unit goes down, there’s another one.”, “Doing an animal renovation is one of the more difficult renovations to do—you really have to know what you’re doing,” emphasizes Meyer. Check with vivarium equipment suppliers to find the best moisture control system … So you need a really, really good plan if you’re going to renovate and you're not going to take the animals out and put them in another facility. See more ideas about vivarium, frog habitat, habitats. Published in 2003 Does acknowledge ventilated cage racks as an acceptable form of housing rodents. The Guide for the Care and Use of … Mechanical/Electrical Equipment Spaces—Mechanical equipment rooms, electrical and telecom closets, rooms for terminal trim devices such as dampers, coils, humidifiers and controls, distribution shafts, and mechanical penthouses. According to Meyer, renovations can indeed be done to vivariums, but there are a lot of factors involved in getting it right. This document does not relinquish the owner or contractor from adhering to any and all applicable codes and standards … Apr 13, 2014 - New ideas for making dart frogs habitats . All are intended to support veterinary and research staff during their in-unit tours of duty. 2. 3. Automation has gotten a lot more reliable and commonplace, according to Meyer, along with vacuum and chain-and-puck bedding systems. If you use special adaptive equipment to access the Web and encounter … In terms of lab management and leadership, keeping the staff healthy and happy is of utmost concern. Due to the stringent environmental and construction requirements, designers and builders have their hands full ensuring the facility meets the numerous standards … “The thought of collecting all this waste manually, dumping it into a dumpster manually…it has to be a pretty small facility.” He also says that more of his clients are requesting a higher percentage of procedure space within their vivariums, because “the last thing you want to do is have animals leave the vivarium.” He shares that there should be at least one six-foot biosafety cabinet for every 300 to 400 cages. WBDG is a gateway to up-to-date information on integrated 'whole building' design techniques and technologies. But with the tools out there, we’ve been very successful continuing projects.” Getting used to software and other virtual programs has also been somewhat of a challenge, he says. Epoxy terrazzo or resinous floor coatings are preferred. When given input on room footprint, volume, lighting, air output, and heat loads sources, CFDs can generate hitherto never before conceived optimized space configurations. Steel studs and moisture-resistant gypsum board can be used if necessary but should be coupled with protection, e.g., rails, bumpers, corner guards. Typically, illumination should be dual level with a high level of 100 to 140 fc (measured at 36" AFF with all lights on) and a low level of 50 to 70 fc (measured at 36" AFF with one half of lights on). Animal research facilities or biological resource centers—also known as vivariums—are complex spaces designed for the care and maintenance of experimental animals. Animal species are used in every stage of the research and development effort-from discovery, to development and safety testing, to clinical trials, and to manufacture-because their biological systems, genetic structures, and immunological responses, in various ways, closely mirror ours as a species. Vivariums present many unique challenges to design and construction professionals. tie everything together. surgery, clinical chemistry, and histology. may be an overlap of requirements between the following standards and the Design Guideline Elements. See also WBDG Productive—Assure Reliable Systems and Spaces. See also WBDG Sustainable O&M Practices. Zebra fish are extensively used in neuroscience studies. Animal research and animal research facilities are critical to the biomedical research enterprise. A "dirty" function that should not be proximate to "clean" areas. Organize circulation to permit controlled flows of people, animals, material, supplies, and wastes. Drawing upon decades of vivarium design, engineering analysis, budget management, installation and service experience, the Vivarium Design Services department (VDS) provides Allentown customers with invaluable insights necessary to make educated facility design … The general organization of a vivarium is illustrated in Figure 4. They operate under negative pressure to prevent the escape of air to the general environment. CSEDO22-Vivarium 2'×4' Overlapping Doorframe- All Red or Red & White LED CSEDO24-Vivarium 1'×4' Overlapping Doorframe- All Red or Red & White LED CSESO14-Vivarium 2'×2' Overlapping … It was successful…but it took a very long time and it was expensive,” he adds. b) What is unique about vivarium lighting? Internal circulation systems need some form of control over clean vs. dirty (or supply vs. return) traffic. Provide temperature and panic alarms with available monitors in control area. Page F.70: “The air-handling system design … It is desired to upgrade the facility to meet current standards including but not limited to cage washing, ventilated cage racks and dedicated cage changing stations. Vivarium design is a rather niche area of lab planning and life sciences, and those involved with the design and building of these facilities must be sure to adhere to proper standards. Providing for such natural behaviors as exercise, opportunities for group interactions, and nesting and foraging are warranting new ideas to replace more stressful traditional housing paradigms. Cage wash is divided between a clean, that is an incoming or supply side, and a dirty, that is an outgoing or return side. © 2021 National Institute of Building Sciences. These should be wide enough to accommodate animal rack, cart, and material traffic flow, not just egress requirements. Labor saving technologies such as robotics and to a lesser extent, overhead gantry- or floor rail-based-systems, are being more extensively applied in cagewash facilities. Design … Animal research and animal research facilities are critical to the biomedical research enterprise. “The real issue with renovation—and we have renovated actively occupied animal facilities—is the noise and vibration…affects breeding and behavioral studies. “The other issue is one of redundancy. Certain areas may need to be isolated and segregated in order to maintain safety and research integrity. Wastes and effluents are separately contained and decontaminated. The clear height above the ceiling should be 5'–0" to the underside of the structure to accommodate infrastructure support system distribution. THE OPPORTUNITY. The other key principle is that door assemblies should be constructed to prohibit the growth of vermin or bacteria. There are numerous system choices. Presumed or inherent, dirty functions such as necropsy and quarantine should be located near the dock. MEP systems represent 45% — 50% of the total construction cost. Cagewash—The hub for all cleaning, sanitizing, and husbandry activities. If you plan well, you can get an excellent facility. Concrete masonry units are preferred substrate because of their strength and stability. “I’m somewhat old-fashioned and miss drawing and making corrections on [paper].”, Operational and design features for the vivariums themselves have also been affected. Gnotobiotics—a condition in which all the forms of life present within an organism can be accounted for—is a field that’s getting bigger and bigger, says Meyer. Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Forest Glen, MD—A technically advanced, highly flexible facility which houses multiple organizations from the Army & Navy's major domestic biomedical research activities.Photo Credit: HLW International LLP. He believes there needs to be at least one steam sterilizer, he adds. There are requirements about whether animals must be housed in a pen or a cage, the size of the facility and the cages, how to control odor throughout the building, what kinds of HEPA filters may be required… from a central location. There are requirements about whether animals must be housed in a pen or a cage, the size of the facility and the cages, how to control odor throughout the building, what kinds of HEPA filters may be required, and countless other aspects related to vivarium design. Vivariums present many unique challenges to design and construction professionals. Floor and Framing System—Should be stable, monolithic, (preferably concrete), and capable of a 125 psf live load to dampen vibration. Hot air versus steam sterilizers, says Meyer, is an option that has “been around for a while, but more and more clients are inquiring about it.” Medium and high pressure steam systems require a fireman (boiler plant operator) 24/7, he adds, “so a lot of our clients want to go to low pressure steam systems because they don’t have to have that 24-hour fireman. Animal Housing Rooms (AHRs)—Accommodate caging, bedding change stations, and sinks. Clients are pushing project design teams to create laboratories that are responsive to current and future needs; that encourage interaction among scientists from various disciplines; that help recruit and retain qualified scientists; and that facilitates partnerships and development. It’s also good to know that some of the older vivariums use interstitial space and that also makes it easier.”, Maintaining pressurization, says Meyer, is one of the biggest challenges that comes with designing or renovating a vivarium lab. 4) Common design concerns — 16 essential considerations 5) How to design a lighting control system a) … LOCATION: NEW JERSEY. ... To provide a design that would support an animal facility renovation complying with new corporate global standards for non-human primates. Lab Ventilation ACH Rates Standards and Guidelines January 3, 2012 White Paper Series Page 2 1.0 Introduction This document provides an overview of current US and European design practices, standards… “I’m a big proponent of making sure there's a natural light view in the break area. Protective components such as bumper and corner guards are frequently employed to protect walls and doors from heavy, abusive traffic. “And now you have this whole set of construction workers—if it’s a barrier rodent facility, how do you maintain it as a barrier or a biocontainment [facility], especially with all these construction workers on the site?”, The COVID-19 pandemic has changed many aspects of lab design/build, and the vivarium sector is no exception. “If you’re using mice, rats—if you move into regulated species, that usually falls to large animals, farm animals, and so forth—the USDA also has guidelines.”. Animal research facilities are related to but distinct from research laboratories. Plumbing systems are pervasive, but are varied, discrete, and independent. The goal of 'Whole Building' Design is to create a successful high-performance building by applying an integrated design and team approach to the project during the planning and programming phases. Initiatives to promote psychological well-being of animals are affecting all species. a) What is a vivarium? I’m seeing that more and more. Example Building Automation System (BAS) that controls airflow and space temperature, and monitors system performance, etc. Every effort has been made to ensure that the information available on our website is accessible to all. Veterinary Care—Lab and care functions, e.g. Corridors should have a clear width of 7'–0" to 8'–0". Meyer notes that animal facilities have “never really been very dense, but most of my clients have been moving toward no more than one or two people in it at any given time.” Personal protective equipment (PPE) is obviously a concern as well—“For animal operations, surgical procedures, and other invasive procedures, you do need multiple people in the room so they need to wear full PPE. , easily cleanable finish, either block filler with latex paint, coatings! Design, aquarium, aquascape codes and standards … VDS vivarium design Services and maintenance of the metro! Breeding and behavioral studies veterinary care staff Elements are animal watering and major users! That could be a source of infection containment Facilities—Facilities for working with potentially biological... Approved by EHS and encounter … Lighting, Power, Data, and husbandry activities the real issue renovation—and. Md USA … vivarium design and custom-made displays for urban environment system vendors maintain reliable databases! Office: 5205 Chairman 's Court, Suite 300 Frederick, MD …! Aquarium design, aquarium, aquascape of animals are affecting all species control spaces... In vivarium design and custom-made displays for urban environment in-unit Office spaces for veterinary staff! Design and room airflow characteristics to accommodate the free movement of racks with integrated blowers to. ” he adds: 5205 Chairman 's Court, Suite 300 Frederick, USA! 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