The other foot, which is pointed a few inches from the floor, slides into the fifth position in demi-plié. Turn in a walk. The arms assist and the head must spot as in pirouettes. Demi means half (demi plié), and grande means big or large (grande plié). This is an abbreviation of the term “tours chaînés déboulés”: a series of rapid turns on the points or demi-pointes done in a straight line or in a circle. See Battement relevé lent. Shouldering. Chord 2: slide the R toe along the floor, describing an arc and finishing in the second position as the L knee straightens (the R arm opens to the second position and the head turns to the right). Inward. The jump is done on the foot which is thrown forward as in grand battement at 90 degrees, the height of the jump depending on the strength of the thrust and the length of the jump depending on the strong push-off of the other leg which is thrust up and back. It is the finalé of a ballet where the principal dancers perform impressive jumps and turns. A raising of the body on the points or demi-pointes, point or demi-pointe. Remember: Dancers work many years to achieve a full 90-degree turn-out!Wait…where’s Third Position? Pliés are done at the bar and in the centre in all five positions of the feet. Indicates that a step is to be done traveling in a diagonal direction. A step of low elevation performed to a quick tempo. This movement involves dancers bending their knees and straightening them again, with the heels firm on the ground and feet turned right out. On the half-points. First position (Première position): The crossing of the legs with the body placed at an oblique angle to the audience. Here you will find many ballet terms defined for you! When this term is added to the name of a step, the movement is performed while jumping. 09/28/2010. The Académie Royale de L’Danse was formed in Paris in 1661 by Louis XIV to teach courtiers to dance and prepare ballets for the court. They should be practiced en croix. See Tour lent. Details. The step is usually done in a series either en manège or en diagonale. The term port de bras has two meanings: (1) A movement or series of movements made by passing the arm or arms through various positions. It is important to start the jump with a springy plié and finish it with a soft and controlled plié. Outward. It is done forward to attitude croisée or effacée, and to all the arabesques. Basque jump. Assemblés are done petit or grand according to the height of the battement and are executed dessus, dessous, devant, derrire, en avant, en arrire and en tournant. These positions are used in some Russian schools. Now, people of all ages and This is the dancer’s “attention.” The arms form a circle with the palms facing each other and the back edge of the hands resting on the thighs. Coda The ballet term associated with the exciting and upbeat part of a performance or class. There is a wide variety of pas jetés (usually called merely jetés) and they may be performed in all directions. A term of the French School. The supporting foot springs from the floor and the landing is made in fondu on the working leg with the other foot extended in the air or sur le cou-de-pied. An exercise at the barre or in the centre in which one leg is made to describe a series of circular movements on the ground. The leg nearer the audience is pointed in the second position à terre or raised to the second position en l’air. Grands battements en cloche are continuous grands battements executed from the fourth position front or back en l’air to the fourth position back or front en l’air, passing through the first position. Contretemps (con-treh-tump) Counter beating. Tendu. Large pirouette in the second position. All demi-pliés are done without lifting the heels from the ground. In the Russian school the term relevé is also used to mean the slow raising of the stretched leg to 90 degree in any direction. Demi-plié with R foot retiré devant; step on the R foot in demi-plié to the second position, turning en dedans one half-turn and thrusting the L leg to the second position en l’air; push off the floor with the R foot and complete the turn, traveling to the side of the extended leg and landing on the L foot in fondu with the R leg bent in retiré devant. Balancé may also be done en avant or en arrire facing croisé or effacé and en tournant. Over. The polonaise is a march in which two steps are taken forward on the demi-pointes and then the third step is taken flat with the supporting knee bent in fondu and the other leg raised in front. The Cecchetti method has five standard positions with a derivative of the fourth position and two derivatives of the fifth position. • … Battement stretched. The body should rise at the same speed at which it descended, pressing the heels into the floor. Fifth position R foot front. More specifically, it's a particular kind of jump in which the dancer jumps from one foot to the other. For more definitions and video examples of ballet terms, visit American Ballet Theatre’s Ballet Dictionary here. The other foot then pushes away from the floor so that both knees are straight and both feet strongly pointed for a moment; then the weight is shifted to the working foot with a fondu. Meaning ‘to bounce’, it refers to ease and lightness in jumps, describing their quality instead of height. Try out some basic ballet positions and steps here or experience ballet for yourself with classes for all ages, including adult beginning ballet classes. Épaulement gives the finishing artistic touch to every movement and is a characteristic feature of the modern classical style compared to the old French style. A step in which the working foot slides well along the ground before being swept into the air. Refers to grands battements executed continuously devant and derrire through the first position. The working foot is placed on the part of the leg between the base of the calf and the beginning of the ankle. A traveling step executed by gliding the working foot from the fifth position in the required direction, the other foot closing to it. Below are the seven movements that provide the basis of ballet … Refers either to a step which is traveled in the air from one spot to another (such as assemblé dessus porté) or to the carrying of a danseuse by a danseur. If an assemblé is porté it requires a preparatory step such as a glissade to precede it. The head is raised slightly and turned toward the raised arm so that the eyes look into the palm of the hand. Entrechats are divided into two general classes: the even-numbered entrechats, or those which land on two feet– deux, quatre, six, huit and dix– and the odd-numbered entrechats, or those which land on one foot– trois, cinq, sept and neuf. The third position is usually omitted. Opposite (the audience); facing the audience. As, for example, in assemblé dessus. Used to indicate that a given step is executed moving forward, toward the audience. This is a cabriole in which one leg strikes the other in the air two or more times before landing. Cabrioles are divided into two categories: petite, which are executed at 45 degrees, and grande, which are executed at 90 degrees. Running. air, en l' [ahn lehr] In the air. They are done petit and grand. Assemblé may also be done with a beat for greater brilliance. A step of beating in which the dancer jumps into the air and rapidly crosses the legs before and behind each other. Both knees must be kept straight. A position in which the thigh is raised to the second position en l’air with the knee bent so that the pointed toe rests in front of, behind or to the side of the supporting knee. The supporting foot may be à terre, sur la pointe or sur la demi-pointe. Plié means to bend or bending. Battement fondu developed. It is usually done en dedans and may be finished in attitude croisée, attitude effacée or any of the arabesques. En dedans (Cecchetti method): After a pirouette en dedans the working leg is extended to the fourth position derrière en l’air; then with a demi-rond de jambe en l’air en dedans the foot is brought to the front of the supporting knee. This may refer to positions (the second and fourth positions of the feet are positions ouvertes), limbs, directions, or certain exercises or steps. This sissonne finishes on two feet with the working foot gliding along the floor into the demi-plié in the fitth position. This is an exercise to turn the legs out from the hips, to loosen the hips and to keep the toe well back and heel forward. Casting and programming subject to change. It is a series of turns on one foot with the free leg raised to the second position en l’air at 90 degrees. An échappé is a level opening of both feet from a closed to an open position. A term of the French School used to indicate that the dancer turns slowly in place on one foot by a series of slight movements of the heel to the required side while maintaining a definite pose such as an arabesque or attitude. Barre has become a popular term as barre classes have become a common class that is conducted for fitness class and to warmup for ballet class. Stretched. See Battement en cloche, grand. Backward. In all pliés the legs must be well turned out from the hips, the knees open and well over the toes, and the weight of the body evenly distributed on both feet, with the whole foot grasping the floor. As the foot goes into the air the dancer pushes off the floor with the supporting leg, extending the toes. To start with, it can be tricky to remember for any dancer, but soon it will become a natural part to your dancing. Both legs come to the ground simultaneously in the fifth position. The movement is done en dehors and en dedans. The function of grands battements is to loosen the hip joints and turn out the legs from the hips. Fondu on the L leg, opening the R leg to the second position en l’air. As the supporting leg straightens, the working leg does développé at either 45 or 90 degrees. Royal. Sinking down. the leg moves evenly until reaching the angle of 45 or 90 degree and is sustained momentarily in the extended position before slowly returning to sur cou-de-pied as the suppoting leg executes a demi-plié. Ballet Movements. If the développé is at 90 degrees, the working leg is brought from sur le cou-de-pied to retiré, that opens in the desired direction as the supporing knee straightens. See Plié. to bend (standing leg or legs) - either demi (half) or grand (big), heels come off the floor in grand plié in all positions except second Click again to see term 1/36 A processional dance in 3/4 time with which the court ballets of the seventeenth century were opened. A barre is a horizontal bar that is either fastened to walls or free standing that dancers use for additional support to perform exercises. Indicates that the body is to turn while executing a given step. Ballet Position Terms Arabesque (Ah rah besk) - a position on one leg with the other leg raised behind the body and extended in a straight line. From a demi-plié in the fifth position the working foot glides along the floor until it reaches a position à la demi-hauteur. You may find it easier to watch a video demonstration of the ballet moves – we just started adding them. After a series of 8 or 16 turns, grande pirouette is usually concluded with multiple pirouettes sur le cou-de-pied. When épaulement is used the position of the head depends upon the position of the shoulders and the shoulder position depends upon the position of the legs. This use of the eyes while turning is called “spotting.” Pirouettes may be performed in any given position, such as sur le cou-de-pied, en attitude, en arabesque, à la seconde, etc. Create your own flash cards! One of the directions of épaulement in which the dancer stands at an oblique angle to the audience so that a part of the body is taken back and almost hidden from view. The two fundamental positions of épaulement are croisé and effacé. Pricked, pricking. The arms are held en attitude with the raised arm being on the same side as the extended leg. This assemblé is done in the same manner as grand assemblé. 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